Exclusive-In a first, Chinese developer’s creditors plan to sue state-owned shareholder for dues

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Exclusive-In a first, Chinese developer's creditors plan to sue state-owned shareholder for dues © Reuters. FILE PHOTO: Mainland Chinese tourists take photo of the skyline of buildings at Tsim Sha Tsui, in Hong Kong, China May 2, 2023. REUTERS/Tyrone Siu/File Photo

By Xie Yu

HONG KONG (Reuters) – A group of offshore creditors of China South City are set to file a lawsuit against the debt-laden developer’s biggest state-owned shareholder for dues, four sources said, in what would be the first such case in the crisis-hit property sector.

China South City earlier this month missed a principal payment of $11.25 million on a dollar bond that matured on Feb. 9, and is deemed by creditors to be in default on offshore debts worth $1.3 billion, two of the bondholder sources said.

The group of creditors, who have formed a so-called ad-hoc group, are preparing to file the lawsuit in a Hong Kong court against state-owned Shenzhen SEZ Construction and Development Group Co., which owns 29% of the company, the four sources said.

The lawsuit will be filed using a keepwell provision, which the state-owned shareholder had provided to China South City’s dollar bonds, said the sources, who have knowledge of the matter.

If filed, it would be the first lawsuit against a state-backed developer in the property sector for recovery of payments owed to creditors under the keepwell provision since the industry tipped into a crisis in 2021.

A keepwell provision, while not an outright guarantee, is a credit enhancement mechanism that has been used by Chinese companies in recent years for issuance of offshore bonds, according to lawyers.

Under a typical keepwell deed, a parent company undertakes to ensure that its offshore issuer unit will remain solvent and that it will have sufficient liquidity in order to meet payment obligations, said a Latham & Watkins note issued last July.

The lawsuit will add to a handful of cases filed in the Hong Kong court against Chinese developers by offshore creditors, almost all of them seeking their liquidation after they failed to meet repayment obligations.

The property sector, a key pillar of the world’s second-largest economy, has lurched from one crisis to another since 2021 after a regulatory crackdown on a debt-fueled construction boom triggered an unprecedented liquidity squeeze.

It is not immediately clear how many of the defaulted Chinese developers have the keepwell clause in their bond offerings. The four sources said China South City’s keepwell provision was a rare case in the property sector.

All the sources declined to be named due to sensitivity of the matter. Shenzhen SEZ, China South City and Kirkland & Ellis, the law firm representing the ad-hoc group of developers, did not respond to Reuters’ requests for comment.


Shenzhen-based China South City, a developer of integrated logistics and trade centres, was one of the first property firms that received government support when it faced financial stress in 2022.

At that time, Shenzhen SEZ, which is controlled by the state asset regulator, bought a 29% stake in the developer, and provided keepwell clauses to its five tranches of dollar bonds.

“People like myself got in because of the keepwell clause,” said a bondholder, who also asked to remain anonymous, adding the introduction of that provision and a state-owned company gave confidence.

China South City managed to extend maturities of those five dollar bonds, originally due in 2022 and 2023, to 2024, with consent of bondholders. However, the developer’s financial situation has not improved since then.

In December, China South City proposed to delay payments again, but failed to win enough support. In a statement on Feb. 9, the developer said it would not be able to make redemption and interest payment this month.

One of the sources said offshore creditors of China South City were also considering a lawsuit in Hong Kong seeking its liquidation.

“Creditors are happy to have conversations with China South City for a consensual restructuring but would appreciate the SOE keepwell provider contribute to the process as well,” said Lance Jiang, partner at law firm Ashurst, which is representing some of the developer’s bondholders.

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